Halitosis, otherwise known as bad breath, is the unpleasant odour caused from excess levels of rotting bacteria in the mouth and tongue. This bacteria, emitting a sulphur compound, can be caused by excessive smoking or alcohol consumption, and if not properly maintained, the mouth can begin to exhibit more severe complications, such as periodontal disease. Other reasons that cause bad breath can also be complications in your airways or stomach.
Good oral hygiene is easily the most effective way to minimise the effects of bad breath, and brushing your teeth and tongue twice a day will effectively eliminate a scenario where this bacteria will culture and rot.
Bad breath can also be minimised by:
- Drinking water
- Chewing sugar free gum on a regular basis
- Eliminating smoking completely
- Eating a healthy diet
- Visiting your dentist regularly
Bad breath can also be caused by more serious problems, such as heavily decayed teeth or dry mouth, where the saliva glands are not producing enough saliva that the mouth requires. In some cases, your oral hygiene may be of a high standard but bad breath may still occur. If this happens, your dentist will recommend you to see a medical practitioner, as this is a common symptom of hazardous conditions, such as bronchitis, stomach diseases, liver and kidney complications, and diabetes.