Dental extraction is the complete removal of the tooth from your mouth, and can be performed for a large number of reasons including:
- Teeth decay, where both the tooth and nerves are beyond repair
- Removing wisdom teeth that are too large to fit in the existing mouth space
Ensuring the safe and accurate fitting of orthodontic applications
- Preventing or treating periodontal disease, where the natural tooth-to-jaw anchor is dissolved due to bacterial infection
- Teeth that have been subjected to severe trauma
- Particular medical conditions that may require teeth to be extracted
Your dentist will perform a thorough examination of the affected teeth, determining whether extraction is required and thoroughly explaining the reasons why. X-rays will also be taken to provide a strategy to ensure the successful and safe removal of the teeth, and also determine whether an abscess is present. If this does happen, your dentist will prescribe you with antibiotics which need to be taken before the procedure can go ahead.
For your additional safety, we will also look at your medical history, to determine whether the procedure is the right one for you. Some medication can complicate the procedure, even products that can be purchased over the counter.
There are two different extraction procedures that we will use, depending on the circumstance:
- Simple extraction; used when the tooth is visible from the outside. Your dentist will numb the area using a local anaesthetic, then apply pressure to the tooth using forceps. The dentist will then move the forceps back and forth to free the tooth from the anchor.
- Surgical extraction; used when the tooth is either not visible or is covered by gum. Local anaesthesia will be used prior to a small incision is made into the specific gum area. The gum is then pulled back, exposing the tooth and root, where then the simple extraction method will be used. Some circumstances may require the tooth to be cut into pieces to make removal quicker and easier.
Once the tooth has been removed, a swab will then be placed around the area where the removal has taken place. You will be requested to bite down on this swab until a blood clot has formed.
Once a blood clot has formed in the socket of the removed tooth, it is imperative that you do not disturb this area in any way, shape or form. The formed blood clot is essential for the effective healing of the tooth, and excessive rinsing or poking of the area can result in the socket bleeding, prolonging the healing process.
In the situation where it does bleed after you have left our practice, place a clean tissue or cotton bud over the area and apply pressure by biting down on the area. This will slow down the blood flow, allowing a clot to form once again. Should bleeding continue, please contact us immediately.
Feeling pain or discomfort after the anaesthetic has worn off is a normal occurrence, and can be treated via the use of a standard household painkiller. Please do not take aspirin of any kind, as this could cause the area to bleed once more. It is also advisable that you avoid smoking and consuming alcohol for at least 24 hours after the procedure has been completed.