The overall health of your gums is of vital importance, and can help to reduce the threat of plaque and bacteria. Brushing and flossing your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste is the easiest and most effective way to ensure a high level of oral hygiene. Healthy gums will exhibit a bright pink colour, will not feel tender or hurt when touched, and resistance to bleeding when brushing or flossing.
Gingivitis is the buildup of bacteria, or plaque, in and around the gum area. This plaque pools in the pockets of your teeth, and if not removed can spread very quickly through the immediate vicinity. Symptoms of gingivitis include bleeding after brushing and flossing, a bright red colour appearing over your gums, and any soreness or discomfort from touching the gums.
Gingivitis is easily cured through various treatments that your dentist can advise you on, or via an improvement in general oral hygiene practices.
Periodontal disease is the later stage of gingivitis, and is not curable, although treatments which temporarily soothe the symptoms are available. Periodontal disease is particularly dangerous as it directly attacks the anchor points of your teeth, loosening them or, even worse, they fall out.
Periodontal disease is noticeable by the same prevalent symptoms as gingivitis, and if you think you are suffering from periodontal disease, it is vital that you call your dentist immediately for further consultation.