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Root Canal

Root canals are performed when the inner part of the tooth, also known as the pulp, becomes either badly decayed or infected. The tooth will then begin to rot and die, which can lead to the complete loss of the truth if not treated quickly. Saving the tooth requires the infected pulp to be removed, preventing the formation of an abscess infection. This procedure is called endodontics.

root-canalYour teeth are made up of three counterparts, including:

  • Enamel, which is the hard, outer layer of the tooth
  • Dentine, the core of the tooth which provides the tooth’s shape and supports the enamel. Dentine is not as hard as the enamel but is stronger than bone
  • Pulp, which as previously stated is the innermost part of the tooth. This is where the nerves and blood vessels are located. The pulp itself lies within the root canal

Pulp is the most important part of your teeth, and they can rot or die due to:

  • Caries, a particular form of decay, which will travel through from the enamel straight to the pulp if not treated
  • Severe trauma, which can affect the make up of the pulp
  • Gum disease, in which the gum will detach itself from the tooth, allowing a gap where bacteria can be trapped inside the tooth

There are many symptoms to look out for in maintaining the health of your pulp, which are:

  • Any ache on or around the affected tooth, ranging from even the dullest pain to the most severe
  • A dark spot, that will appear on the gum in the area of the infected tooth. This is an indication of a build up of puss from the root tip
  • Severe swelling in the area surrounding the affected tooth
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